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Trump budget: UN sounds alarm over foreign aid cuts

Spokesman says reduction of US contribution to UN could 'undermine the impact of longer-term reform efforts'.

US President Donald Trump is seeking to reduce his country's contribution to United Nations programmes, as part of cuts to funding of US diplomacy and foreign aid in his administration's budget proposal.

The spokesman for UN chief Antonio Guterres reacted fiercely to the plans on Thursday, saying "abrupt funding cuts can force the adoption of ad hoc measures that will undermine the impact of longer-term reform efforts". 

In its budget the Trump administration stated its intention to "reduce or end funding for international organisations whose missions do not substantially advance US foreign policy interests".

This includes slashing funding for the State Department and USAID, its foreign aid agency, and shifting money towards the military with a $54bn increase in defence spending

"The secretary-general fully subscribes to the necessity to effectively combat terrorism but believes that it requires more than military spending," spokesman Stephane Dujarric said.

"There is also a need to address the underlying drivers of terrorism through continuing investments in conflict prevention, conflict resolution, countering violent extremism, peacekeeping, peace-building, sustainable and inclusive development, the enhancement and respect of human rights, and timely responses to humanitarian crises."

The United States spends about $10bn a year on the UN. That is about 22 percent of the world body's total budget. It contributes 28 percent of the peacekeeping budget. 

The US government has not released a figure, but is reportedly looking at cutting up to half of its funding.

Trump's budget proposal has been criticised by Democrats and even some Republicans, including Senator Lindsey Graham who called it "dead on arrival" and predicted that it will not get approved by Congress.

The UN said recently that the world is facing its worst humanitarian crisis since the end of World War II, with 20 million people in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia and Nigeria facing starvation and famine.


READ MORE: Military wins, environment, aid lose big in Trump's budget


'Slash and burn'

Trump's UN ambassador, Nikki Haley, has said that she does not believe in a "slash and burn" approach to US funding of the UN, but she agrees with the president that the US contribution is disproportionate.

"The UN spends more money than it should, and in many ways it places a much larger financial burden on the United States than on other countries," Haley said on Thursday.

The US contributes more funding to the UN budget than any other nation. However, if the US contribution would follow the normal formula for member states' shares - based on the size of a country’s economy and its per capita income -  the US would be paying even more.

Member states make both mandatory and voluntary contributions.

budget

Diplomats at the UN headquarters in New York expressed worry over the proposed cuts and the impact the move would have.

Matthew Rycroft, the British ambassador to the UN, said the US already has "a good deal" when it comes to the UN.

"The US is the only country whose contribution [has been] reduced in order for it not to pay too much," Rycroft said.

He noted that the new secretary-general has already made reforming the UN one of his priorities.  This process includes reviewing issues ranging from staffing to the scope of programmes and whether some of them should be scaled back.


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